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Tribulus Fruit / Bai Ji Li

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Product Code: CLS-11060

Chinese Single Herbs (Fluid extracts)

 

 

Tribulus Terrestris 

In ancient India and Greece, Tribulus Terrestris was used as a physical rejuvenation tonic .  It is traditionally used in various herbal formulas to treat headaches, eye problems, nervousness, and high blood pressure. This fruit extract is a natural testosterone enhancer which can improve sexual desire and performance.  Research suggests that tribulus help in proving fertility in women, and improved sexual performance in men.  In Bulgaria, tribulus is used as a sex enhancer and to treat infertility.  Indians used it as a diuretic, antiseptic, and anti-inflammatory. The Chinese used it for a variety of liver, kidney, and cardiovascular diseases. Recently, eastern European athletes and bodybuilders have used it for bodybuilding purpose.   

Tribulus Terrestris is a very unique and potent natural herb. Tribulus supports an anabolic condition by enhancing testosterone, spermatogenesis, LH (lutenizing hormone), FSH (Follicle stimulating hormone), and libido. Tribulus increase the production of lutenizing hormone which lead to increased testosterone level.  Tribulus Terrestris is reputed to support increased production of seminal fluid, not only by volume but by sperm count, at the same time supporting increased sexual performance in both men and women. Tribulus Terrestris works synergistically to stimulate male sexual prowess through a non hormonal pathway, by supporting the body's own hormonal feedback system, and may also assist in improved athletic performance.

Much of the interest surrounding Tribulus terrestris is based on its ability to raise testosterone levels. Testosterone, a hormone that plays a vital role in muscle growth, is traditionally seen as a symbol of youth and vitality. In much the same way that the menopause indicates a change in female hormone levels, the andropause (also known as the male menopause) reflects a decline in testosterone levels.

Research Study

The active ingredient in tribulus is known as furostanol saponins.  In animals study, tribulus is shown to stimulate "mounting" behavior, increase sperm count as well as motility levels after taking it for 30 days.  Two other studies performed on animals reported increased testosterone production and testicular maturation.  A European study suggest that tribulus extract can increase testosterone levels 30-50% above baseline levels - which is within the normal range.  A study involving healthy individuals taking 750 mg/day of tribulus terrestris evaluated hormonal responses and revealed LH increased in males from 14.38 ml/U/ml to 24.75 ml/U/ml (that s a 72% increase). The free testosterone in males went from 60 ng/dl to 84.5 ng/dl (an increase of 41%). 

Studies involving 212 males confirm Tribulus increases libido, frequency and strength of erections and sexual reflexes.  Most of the  men experienced an increase in LH and testosterone as well as sperm production and mobility.  Other positive changes include reduced cholesterol levels, and positive psychological effects such as improved mood and increased self-confidence. No adverse effects were noted in clinical studies, and additional animal research demonstrated no adverse effects on the central nervous or cardiovascular systems.

Benefits



  • Increased testosterone production
  • Increased muscle mass/strength
  • It has been proven to increase testosterone levels by 30% in only 5 days.
  • Increased sex drive in men and women.

Proerectile pharmacological effects of Tribulus terrestris extract on the rabbit corpus cavernosum.

Adaikan PG, Gauthaman K, Prasad RN, Ng SC. Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, National University Hospital, National University of Singapore, Singapore. Ann Acad Med Singapore. 2000 Jan;29(1):22-6.

The objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of oral treatment of Tribulus terrestris (TT) extract on the isolated corpus cavernosal tissue of New Zealand white (NZW) rabbits and to determine the mechanism by which protodioscin , a constituent of the TT, exerts its pharmacological effects. 24 rabbits were randomly assigned to 4 experimental groups of 6 each. Group I served as control. Groups II to IV were treated with the extract at different dose levels, i.e. 2.5 mg/kg, 5 mg/kg and 10 mg/kg body weight, respectively. The TT extract was administered orally, once daily, for a period of 8 weeks. The rabbits were then sacrificed and their penile tissue isolated to evaluate the responses to both contracting and relaxing pharmacological agents and electrical field stimulation (EFS). RESULTS: Protodioscin on its own had no effect on the isolated corpus cavernosal strips. The relaxant responses to EFS, acetylcholine and nitroglycerin in noradrenaline precontracted tissues from treated groups showed an increase in relaxation of a concentration dependent nature compared to that of the tissues from control group. However, the contractile, anti-erectile response of corpus cavernosal tissue to noradrenaline and histamine showed no significant change between the treatment and the control groups. CONCLUSIONS: The relaxant responses to acetylcholine, nitroglycerin and EFS by more than 10%, 24% and 10% respectively compared to their control values and the lack of such effect on the contractile response to noradrenaline and histamine indicate that PTN has a proerectile activity. The enhanced relaxant effect observed is probably due to increase in the release of nitric oxide from the endothelium and nitrergic nerve endings, which may account for its claims as an aphrodisiac. However, further study is needed to clarify the precise mechanism of its action.

Aphrodisiac properties of Tribulus Terrestris extract (Protodioscin) in normal and castrated rats.

Gauthaman K, Adaikan PG, Prasad RN. Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, National University Hospital, National University of Singapore, Singapore 119704, Singapore. Life Sci. 2002 Aug 9;71(12):1385-96.

Tribulus terrestris (TT) has long been used in the traditional Chinese and Indian systems of medicine for the treatment of various ailments and is popularly claimed to improve sexual functions in man. Sexual behaviour and intracavernous pressure (ICP) were studied in both normal and castrated rats to further understand the role of TT containing protodioscin (PTN) as an aphrodisiac. Adult Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into five groups of 8 each that included distilled water treated (normal and castrated), testosterone treated (normal and castrated, 10 mg/kg body weight, subcutaneously, bi-weekly) and TT treated (castrated, 5 mg/kg body weight, orally once daily). Decreases in body weight, prostate weight and ICP were observed among the castrated groups of rats compared to the intact group. There was an overall reduction in the sexual behaviour parameters in the castrated groups of rats as reflected by decrease in mount and intromission frequencies (MF and IF) and increase in mount, intromission, ejaculation latencies (ML, IL, EL) as well as post-ejaculatory interval (PEI). Compared to the castrated control, treatment of castrated rats (with either testosterone or TT extract) showed increase in prostate weight and ICP that were statistically significant. There was also a mild to moderate improvement of the sexual behaviour parameters as evidenced by increase in MF and IF; decrease in ML, IL and PEI. These results were statistically significant. It is concluded that TT extract appears to possess aphrodisiac activity probably due to androgen increasing property of TT (observed in our earlier study on primates).

Sexual effects of puncturevine (Tribulus terrestris) extract (protodioscin): an evaluation using a rat model.

Gauthaman K, Ganesan AP, Prasad RN. Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, National University Hospital, National University of Singapore, Singapore. J Altern Complement Med. 2003 Apr;9(2):257-65.

Apart from its claims for improvement of sexual functions in men, the puncturevine plant (Tribulus terrestris: TT) has long been considered as an energizer and vitalizer in the indigenous system of medicine. Sexual behavior and intracavernous pressure (ICP) measurements were taken in rats to scientifically validate the claim of TT [containing protodioscin (PTN)] as an aphrodisiac. Forty sexually mature male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups of 10 each. Group I served as a control group and groups II, III, and IV were treated with three different doses of TT extract (2.5, 5 and 10 mg/kg body weight, respectively), orally, once daily for 8 weeks. Weight was recorded and the rats from all four groups were subjected to sexual behavior studies with primed females and various parameters namely mount and intromission frequencies (MF and IF, respectively), mount, intromission and ejaculation latencies (ML, IL, and EL, respectively) as well as postejaculatory interval (PEI) were recorded. In addition, blood pressure and ICP were recorded for all rats at the end of study. RESULTS: Increases in body weight (by 9, 23, and 18% for groups II, III & IV) and ICP (by 43% and 26% for groups III and IV) were statistically significant compared to the control group. Increases in MF (by 27% and 24%) and IF (by 19% and 22%) for the groups III and IV were statistically significant. Decreases in ML (by 16%, 23%, and 22% for groups II, III, and IV) and PEI (by 20% for group III) were statistically significant compared to the control. CONCLUSIONS: The weight gain and improvement in sexual behavior parameters observed in rats could be secondary to the androgen increasing property of TT (PTN) that was observed in our earlier study on primates. The increase in ICP which confirms the proerectile aphrodisiac property of TT could possibly be the result of an increase in androgen and subsequent release of nitric oxide from the nerve endings innervating the corpus cavernosum.

 

 Bulgarian Tribulus is a potent herb that has been introduced into the world herbal market in a new standardized state. Until recently, the seeds of this plant were used as a medicinal herb in Chinese and Ayurvedic medicine. However, scientific researchers in Bulgaria have discovered that when Tribulus is organically-grown under certain strict conditions and harvested at a newly discovered, specific time, the herb has amazing hormone stimulating, and hormone modulating potency.  

 

Chemistry

Bulgarian Tribulus is extraordinarily rich in substances of potential biological significance, including plant steroids, saponins, flavonoids, alkaloids, unsaturated acids, oils, calcium, phosphorus, iron and protein, which individually and in concert, are responsible for its many and varied physiological effects.

 

The presence and quantities of the pharmacologically important metabolites depend on the parts of the plants used (above ground parts: leaves and fruits and, to a lesser extent, the shoots) and on the conditions of growth, cultivation and harvesting. The following ensures that Trilovin™ delivers the highest possible quality and natural content of active metabolites:

 

·         The use of specific, unique and pharmaceutically oriented methods of growing and harvesting Tribulus terrestris in Bulgaria

·         Use of only the above ground portions of the plant

·         The subsequent handling, and processing in the United States

 

There are three groups of active phytochemicals in Bulgarian Tribulus Terrestris.

 

1.       Dioscin, protodioscin, diosgenin, etc. 

 

This first group has an effect on sexual performance and may treat various sexual disorders, sexual energy level and strength by increasing the percentage of free testosterone level for men, and effects pregnenolone, progesterone, estrogen, etc. The hormone balancing effects of Bulgarian Tribulus Terrestris for women makes this product extremely effective for premenstrual syndrome and menopausal syndrome.

 

2.       Sterols – beta-sitosterols, stigma, etc.

This second group protects the prostate from swelling and in combination with the X steroidal saponins (third group listed below), protects the prostate from cancer.

 

3.       Proprietary steroidal saponins currently referred to as X steroidal saponins.

These X steroidal saponins affect the immune system. They have been demonstrated to possess anti-bacterial and anti-viral (especially anti-herpes) effects.

 

History

 

Tribulus terrestris has played an important role in folk medicine for millennia. The ancient Greeks used it as a general tonic, diuretic, and mild laxative. In India, Tribulus has been used since ancient times for its diuretic and aphrodisiac properties. Tribulus is widely recommended in Ayurvedic rejuvenative formulations, particularly in the treatment of sexual deficiencies. In China, the herb has been a frequent component of therapy for a variety of disorders affecting the liver and cardiovascular system, and particularly as an anti-inflammatory agent for the kidney and urinary tract.

 

For all of its therapeutic and adaptogenic effects, the most common cross cultural use of the herb has, nevertheless, been in the treatment of infertility in women, impotence in men, and for increasing the libido of both sexes. It was the search for safe, non-hormonal treatments for infertility and other reproductive disorders that inspired scientists at the Chemical Pharmaceutical Research Institute in Sofia, Bulgaria, to investigate Tribulus terrestris in the early 1960’s, based on its widespread and seemingly successful use in such applications. Their studies of the chemistry and pharmacology, plus the physiological and medicinal effects confirmed in clinical studies have attracted world-wide attention.  As a result, standardized pharmaceutical preparations of the herb were developed. By 1981, these were incorporated into mainstream medical treatment of various sexual disorders in much of Eastern Europe.

                       

Until 1985, little was known about the plant in America other than by a small group of scientists, herbalists, and doctors trained in Oriental and Ayurvedic traditions. Even then, little notice was taken of the remarkable aspects of Tribulus terrestris, and it is only recently that the fitness-enhancing benefits of Tribulus terrestris were brought to the attention of the athletic and body building community in the United States. This was as a result of the use of Tribulus terrestris by Eastern European Olympic and world champion strength and power athletes. The first feature article on Tribulus terrestris in a major American magazine was published in the September 1996 issue of Muscle & Fitness. Since then, interest in and the demand for the herb has increased dramatically.

 

Safety

 

No adverse effects have been noted in any of the clinical trials or human research studies. Toxicity is extremely low in both acute and long term animal studies (based on the animal data, a human would have to consume approximately 100 times the average recommended dose of 750mg per day). There are no contraindications, and no negative effects are presently known to exist when Trilovin™ (standardized Tribulus terrestris) is used as a nutritional supplement or when used as adjunctive therapy in the absence of other prescribed medications.

 

Availability

 

Bulgarian vs Chinese and Indian Tribulus Terrestris

Bulgarian Tribulus Terrestris differs significantly from the Tribulus Terrestris extracts from India and China.

 

Using a special method of harvesting and pharmaceutical preparation, Bulgarian Tribulus Terrestris has a very high concentration of steroidal saponins. Indian and Chinese Tribulus Terrestris do not.

 

Chinese and Indian Tribulus Terrestris are made from a different part of the plant and is harvested at a different time of the year. The photochemistry of Chinese and Indian Tribulus Terrestris is considerably different from that of Bulgarian Tribulus Terrestris.

 

Chinese and Indian Tribulus Terrestris is used as a diuretic, and is used to treat kidney stones. Chinese and Indian Tribulus Terrestris does not have the same pharmacological and physiological functions as Bulgarian Tribulus Terrestris. At the best, Indian and Chinese Tribulus Terrestris have but a trace of group 1 and 1 phytochemicals, and contain virtually no X steroidal saponins. The Indian and Chinese producers extract for furostanols, which has no equivalent pharmacological effect to the Bulgarian Tribulus Terrestris.  

 

Furostanols are not the active ingredient used to affect sexual physiology and to regulate hormone balance. As they exist in Indian and Chinese Tribulus Terrestris, they are not absorbed and utilized by the body. However, all of the active Bulgarian Tribulus Terrestris are readily absorbed and utilized in the body. This explains the radical difference in the effects of Tribulus Terrestris from different sources.

 

Summary

Tribulus is a superb nutritional supplement for most men and women. It helps regulate hormonal balance and has positive effects on a number of fundamental physiological functions. It is useful for those who wish to build lean muscle as well as by those who desire to experience improvement in their sex lives. It is a superb supplement for women who are experiencing problems associated with menopause and with PMS.

 

Tribulus may be combined with a wide range of herbs to enhance or modify its actions. Ask your herbalist to recommend the correct combination to suit your needs.

 

Traditional Function

Adaptogenic, tonifies Kidney and reproductive functions, clears heat, eliminates dampness

 

Who can use it? Adults

 


*These statements have not been evaluated by the FDA. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.